About XML Applications

XML applications refer to those programs and software that are used to manipulate and process data with the use of various technologies of XML, such as XQuery, XPath, Web Services, and others. There are tools that are provided for these technologies.

Behaviour is one example of an application of XML. By the concept of XML, behaviours can be linked to any of the elements of a web page. Thus, these elements can then be manipulated. Behaviours are widely used in the Web for applications like Internet Explorer and allow adding of scripting elements.

cat on a laptop

News Programs his Home Computer

Also, XML has a standard method for information to be accessed, and thus, several devices and applications of different kinds have been made easier and faster for storage, usage, transmission and display of the data.

XML even standardizes the exchange of data of the applications and make it storage-independent. There are several other markup language applications in the government, academe, and industries. All these have made what was only man’s fantasy before, and now have given wide options and possibilities borne out of man’s genius.

XML for Business and E-Commerce

XML has played a vital role in contributing to the success and growth of several businesses and electronic commerce, or E-commerce, in terms of their operations. The Extensible Markup Language helps and speeds up data exchange. This technology is often used by companies to further make more efficient and flexible the exchange of information.

staff checking files

Acquisitions staff check in journal issues to help the library keep track of their holdings

Moreover, XML is becoming increasingly popular and favoured because it provides ways and strategies to solve economical and business problems, with its flexibility and inexpensive economical cost. XML has become the trend for business-to-business commerce, and a lot of companies and industries in the global market have already developed this for their own utilizations.

Aside from these several reasons, XML is highly advantageous in the fields of business and commerce because the implementations of this language are considered to improve the availability and accessibility of EDI, or electronic data interchange, for information interchange, transactions between and among businesses, and transactions between the business and the consumer. XML also provides accuracy, which is highly important, in the data, and thus making data secured, safe and correct. XML also allows integration of data to further solve problems.

With all these reasons, among others, XML can surely meet and adapt to every need of organizations and companies. The language provides a very simple yet a very perfect solution to very complicated and difficult problems being faced on data and information, and that’s why businesses are already beginning to depend on this technology. The environment can be centralized, simple and with a low cost. Businesses should really focus on seeing the benefits of this language to appreciate its existence and creation.

XML-based Programs and Software for Business Communications

The XML technology has been widely adapted in several ways in different applications and infrastructures. XML-based programs and software are common for business-to-business communication. Because of being the primary technology for information interchange, XML is able to answer and provide solutions to the various needs and demands of data representation.

communication through the Internet

Communicate with my Friends outside

With this in mind, communications among businesses have been made easier, faster and more efficient. Data is being represented through XML in times like business-to-business communications.

Communication through XML shows to have increased security and reliability. It is even made more convenient because XML can even be easily read by people who may not have much knowledge about the language yet.

Now, there are several XML-based infrastructures, applications and libraries, and the list can only go on and the number can only increase, testament and proof to how helpful and influential XML has been to every communication need of man.

XML and Computers

The limitations of some tools like HTML (hypertext mark-up language) and the HTTP (hypertext transfer protocol) have paved way for the birth and introduction of XML. With XML, there are a lot more possibilities and benefits that are not available anywhere else.

laptop on the desk

Computer is very useful nowadays

XML is also widely used in computers especially in the field of programming. XML programming allows streaming that show to be useful in handling documents of big file sizes.

computer setup

Clutter on my desk, see notes

Domain-specific applications and the implementation of new generic tools are some of the things that call for the necessity of general purpose XML programming. This programming domain of XML includes the manipulation of XML trees, navigation through XML trees, parsing of XML documents into XML trees, and the serialization of XML trees as XML documents.

XML as a programming language also provides both a general data structure and a specific data structure for XML trees, with JDOM and JAXB, respectively.

Professional XML Consultants

Any person, an expert on XML or Extensible Markup Language, whom other people seek for information and advice about XML-related products and/or services, refers to an XML consultant. It is of paramount importance that XML consultants should be aware and well-informed with the latest developments in XSLT / XML programming. These professionals are responsible in customizing different applications or building new applications based on the various requirements of the clients. Some of the improvements covered by XML consultants include enabling data transfer between different systems, applications, and even organizations; writing data once and using in the generation of documents in a wide range of languages, which include HTML, WML, and XML; and reducing load on server and database and allowing a wide range of dynamic effects.


Computer consultants man their station, waiting to help the next patron with their technology questions.

In addition, XML consultants offer services to XML vendors like integration and customization. The experience and expertise of XML consultants in interface design, DTD configuration, and other XML authoring and management tools enable them to provide quality XML-related services.

Syntax and Forms

Since XML is a general syntax, it doesn’t have a built-in notion of forms. In fact, XML forms should have a kind of difference in terms of operation with that of HTML forms. Furthermore, form recognition defines the syntax used in assertion of form existence and to describes in the documents the form characteristics—a mechanism with similar style to that used by the XML Linking Language. In addition, an XML language is not defined but rather the syntax which can be used in conjunction with a variety of languages.

home office desk

Home Office – My Desk

Meanwhile, XML data sets are also form values–XML encoded sets of name-value pairs. The introduction of the notion of form sheets entails the construction of the value of a form upon submission’s specifications. Further, the accessibility of the form sheet to the document and form state, or current value, and the control of the construction of the corresponding form value might allow the use of multiple form sheet languages.

Internet and Technologies Presented by XML

The technology presented by XML allows a wide avenue for the Internet’s benefit. Unlike HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) and the HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), which are much more limited application tools, XML documents can be simply edited through common text editors such as Notepad or TextEdit. It is purposely designed that way to make up for the limitations of other mark up languages. As such, it is expected to be widely used in the Internet since it was not intended to be a programming language for stand-alone systems. Hence, writing XML is made relatively easier and faster especially, because its nature as an extensible language lets you define your own tags and attributes. Plus, this helps you to be more efficient in making your custom tags and attributes better with every XML schema.

internet city


Certainly, the XML application is one of modern man’s very useful invention especially for Internet applications and platforms.

About Namespaces

As mentioned above, one leverage of the Extensible Markup Language is that it can be understood by non-programmers, having no need of binary and ASCII codes. An example of such is the option to define your own namespaces, which provide unique elements and attributes in an XML document. As dret.net/glossary puts it, ‘XML Namespaces are used to qualify unique names in XML documents which use schemas from different sources.’ They are actually used as identifiers that give a hint about ownership of an XML document. Since XML does not require a special editor or tool for its syntax, namespaces can be easily defined as long as it adheres to XML standards and specifications. As a programmer, you only create a particular namespace, if you own the domain. Repetition of a certain identifier should not be done to identify things that are not the same. Another valuable thing to remember is that, a namespace URI cannot accommodate XML namespaces as associated to resources such as schemas or documentations.


ANCII Codes. Figure out the beauty in it

XML Vendors

There are number of services and products offered or supplied by different XML vendors or XML enabled networking vendors. As a general purpose specification in the creation of markup languages, XML or Extensible Markup Language, the users are allowed in defining their own elements. As such, different XML-related needs arise and the number of XML vendors also increased in number to address these needs.

What a mess

What a mess. Need to finish something

These vendors offer extensive selection of products and services to provide ease of use of the XML. Some of the services offered by these vendors include: data analyzing, DTDs developing, XML conversion and XML proofing. Other than that, Application servers are also offered to be able to use XML with non-XML databases. Plus, storing of XML data without the data conversion to another format is made possible through database and content server vendors.

These reliable vendors are committed in giving professional services and solution products for the greater advantage of XML users.

About XSL and Its Uses

To properly define what XSL is all about, you should have a little lesson about XML. We all know that XML and is designed to transport data. The biggest advantage about XML is the flexibility, and the rules for displaying the contents have no bounds. Simply put, it is content oriented. XML does not contain any presentation data. This is where XSL enters into the scene. Breaking the documents content and the style on how it is to be displayed to be used in various media, which also gives user the choice to view the data according to their liking by simply manipulating the style sheets.

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XSL was typically designed to be solely used in XML, providing formatting solutions needs for the particular XML source document that require extensive formatting. In order for the document to be transformed, XSL has three additional essential parts to be used to describe how the XML documents should be presentation. These parts are XSLT, XPath, and XSL-FO. XSL is responsible for expressing the style sheet to display of a given type.

About Validation

Forgetting a tag or adding unnecessary tags are unavoidable things to happen when working with complex XML file. Thus, it is important to check the document to avoid messing up your page.

computers are equipped not only with the Internet

These computers are equipped not only with the Internet

Validation is the process of checking the eXtensible Mark-up Language (XML) document if it is well-formed and conforms to the rules established for the structure of the document. It is to make sure that exact pieces of information are entered and to avoid extra tags. To sum up, it is to ensure that the data entered are valid.

Luckily, solutions to the problem are now offered in the market. There are number of validation products from different manufacturers, all designed to check namespaces correctness, to specify form, syntax and structure of your XML files. Internet is the best place to hunt for free web-based XML validator. Accordingly, it is the ideal place to look for validation packages at discounted prices without sacrificing quality and efficiency.

Development of Tools

The popular use of XML for communication and data transfer on the World Wide Web lead to the development of varying XML tools to have a well constructed XML data. There are different XML tools offered in the market for editing, for converting, validating, for modelling and debugging XML documents or data.

Inside of Circuits

My Soul Inside of Circuits

XML editor is one type of XML tool for writing a well-formed XML document. The increasing popularity of XML lead to the development of XML editors from different brand names. XML editors in general are designed with editor schema designer, debuggers, file converters and code generator. There are four types of XML editors: code view XML editors, “WYSIWYG” XML editors, text editors and word-processors. In addition, XML mapping tools are developed to reduce development time and/or improve performance of database applications. Likewise it allows developers to access and transform other databases accurately in less time.

Development of Style Sheets

The development of style sheets helped in the quality of web browsing. Since its first development until today, style sheets are beneficial in number of ways especially to XML documents. According to about.com, “XML is not a language of display.” thus, it needs style sheet to be viewed in a browser.

Finishing My Computer Science Program

Finishing My Computer Science Program

Style sheet is used to classify every feature of the mark-up language such as font size and colour, background, etc. Today, more and more web designers are using style sheets to enhance the way their website looks. Cascading Style Sheets or CSS and Extensible Style Sheet Language for Transformations or XSLT are both style sheets but operate different purposes. For CSS, they were designed to adjust the font size and colour, modify the image and background and build a new look on the web pages. However, CSS cannot add content to the document. On the other hand, XSLT was designed to transform one document to another from XML format to SQL or other formats. Whatever your choices are, it is important for you to see the benefits your choice of style sheet can give you.

What is RSS?

What is RSS?
RSS, which stands for Really Simple Syndication, is a syndication language belonging to the family of Web feed formats. These data formats are used to provide Internet users with frequently updated web content or works, such as news headlines, on-line calendar of events, blog entries and new product updates.

Do you know what your doing?

Do you know what your doing?

Why use RSS?
As more and more web masters and on-line publishers understand the use of RSS everyday, the application of this mark-up syndication language in web development is becoming widespread. One might wonder why RSS is enjoying such popularity in web development. To address this question, we outline here the reasons why many people are using RSS.

The syndication language is popular because it . . .

Allows easy and automatic syndication of web content Eliminates the time consuming and tedious process (copy and paste) of manual content syndication RSS data can easily be used with other services like personal digital assistants (PDAs) and cellular phones, and Made sharing of headlines and stories from other website easy.

Resources for a Better Programming Language

XML is the most efficient way to create a web-based program. Many web developers and programmers are adopting the tool in their work for it is easy to read and understand, it is a W3C standard, and most of all, it has no fixed set of tags.

Resources for a Better Programming

My Resources for a Better Programming Language

Being new or not well-oriented to XML programming is not problem for those who are really interested to learn and be an expert with the language. In fact, learning and programming with XML is easy, especially if you own a good set of XML programming books, or have an access to excellent resources on-line. When you surf the net, you can find a number of sites offering invaluable information and articles about XML and related topics. Many of these sites also offer free tutorials on XML, as well as some programming languages and other mark-up languages. If you are having a hard time looking for these resources on-line, we suggest that you visit ‘XML resources’ page, which features a list of excellent resource for the language.

Top Recommended Books by XML Experts

For those new in XML, learning the language is easy, provided that one has the necessary reference materials, such as books and other tutorial materials. However, with a number of XML books and reference materials you can find in the market today, finding a good set of references for XML is a challenging task. In this regard, we provide you here a list of some of the top XML books recommended by XML experts, along with an insight about their coverage and contents.

bookcases in our office

These are the bookcases in our office. We need more space!

XML in a Nutshell, by Elliotte Rusty Harold, W. Scott Means is not a book for beginners; however, it is highly recommended, invaluable reference for XML programmers. It provides a clear, concise and useful guide and covers many specific XML topics, as well as generic XML concepts.

Learning XML, by Erik T. Ray. Finally is a must read for beginners because it covers in-depth the key XML elements and concepts in a concise and readable manner. The topics covered in the book include XPointer, XLink, XML Schemas, and Document Type Definitions (DTDs).

XML Hacks: 100 Industrial-Strength Tips and Tools, by Michael Fitzgerald is not your average XML reference. The book offers practical tips and guides for web developers, programmers, and system administrators. It uses real-world projects to illustrate how to define, read, create and manipulate XML documents.

An Insight on XML Programming

An insight on XML programming
Computer programming, in general, refers to the process of writing, testing, troubleshooting, and maintaining the source code of a computer program that was coded using a programming language, such as Perl, Java, PHP, and C++. The programming process is particularly undertaken to create an efficient, reliable, robust, usable and portable computer program or software solution that exhibits a certain desired feature. On the other hand, in XML programming, the main goal is not to create a solution, but rather to make the development of a web-based solution simple, portable, cost-effective and of high quality. To put it simply, XML is just a tool in the development of an efficient program/solution.

The C Programming Language

The C Programming Language

Since the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) released a recommendation for XML in 1998, the application of XML in computer programming has gone mainstream. Everyday, the number of web developers and programmers incorporating the extensible language increases because of its programming advantages. One of these advantages is XML’s extensibility, which means that programmers can write their own mark-up language and define their own set of tags.

Who Should USE XML?

Who should use XML?
XML is not just a thing for computer programmers. It is also an excellent tool for:
Database administrators and Web developers – Being the key talents in the development of web applications and database management, respectively, web developers and database administrator are the number one people who should use the XML. The language offers a lot of opportunity in web designing and database management because of its simplicity, extensibility, interoperability and accessibility.

internet lover

Shes dreaming of showers and internet and pink wigs

Publishers – In today’s ever competitive publishing world, publishers are faced with the challenge to use the Internet as medium to reach wider audience and to be able to compete head-to-head with rival publishers. And the best way for the sector maximise the net and gain competitive advantage in on-line publishing is by using XML. With the tool, the publication process is streamlined and automised, thereby allowing great cost-saving in composition cost, while maximising profit.

News and Media

In every industry, it is always an advantage to be able to share one or more of your own thoughts to others who belong to the same plane as you. So, if you are looking for a theory to apply or you want a cause for an open-source project, we are more than willing to share our knowledge on markup technology with this site. Subsequently, the XML application brings forth a lot of benefits in the news and media sector. Thus, we have included this category to facilitate mark-up users that implement it for the news and media industries.

computer desk

I love that it’s off my desk, giving me a clean workspace

Since XML is a certified W3C standard, big names in the software industry has no problem endorsing it. This goes true to the media sector, where rapid adoption of the XML standard is spreading. This mark-up language only needs to be compatible with the specifications of Standard Generalized Markup Language or SGML where it is based.

Henceforth, we at ISUG, aims to assist the development of any type of media, groups or organization willing to support other user groups and network for XML programmers, markup users and implementers.

XML Linking Language (XLL)

The XML-related standards and specifications, utilizes the capacity of databases for linking. The XML Linking Language (XLL) for instance, has three W3C specifications namely: Xpath which is the language for addressing a document; Xpointer which provides advance addressing into the XML document structure; and Xlink which is the ability to link something whatever you find interesting. All of these features are designed to aid in defining how links are to be written. What’s better, XML linking allows multi-directional links while HTML only provides one-way links to whole documents or specific places of a document. When using HTML, you need to press the “back” button on the browser to go back to the previous link. XML’s multi-directional links on the other hand, lets you return to the original location through a corresponding link that will automatically redirect the user.

fiber optics over binary table

Binary Design

Moreover, to facilitate markup users and implementers further, XLL provide advanced linking constructs that are scalable and maintainable. It has its own working group at World Wide Web Consortium or W3C which recommended it on June 2007. Thus, mark-up users surely enjoy the flexibility XLL provides.

Interactive Forums and Chats

The XML or Extensible Markup Language, as a popular custom markup language has generated both positive and negative response from the programming sector. What’s more interesting about XML, is that it allows its own users to use their own elements thereby adding questions on how to apply it best.

internet radio

Just Arrived this Internetradio

Henceforth, this category is purposely created to provide XML users an avenue to share down their own ideas and opinion on various XML topics. This is where knowledge of markup technologies are shown and how the development of related standards are influencing the applications industry. Moreover, you can chat directly to any member you might want to interact with and discuss various innovation and trends of XML.

International SGML Users’ Group (ISUG) aims to help all those who aspire to further develop their knowledge of the XML standards. Thus, for all those presently using XML and those who are planning to, this interactive category is for you. After all, ISUG is all about being able to share information with co-members, through our give-and-take interactive forums and chats.

XML Schema Languages

There are several SGML and XML schema languages–an XML schema is a description of a type of XML document, typically, expressed in terms of constraints on the structure and content of documents of that type–and the DTD or Document Type Definition is one of these. Primarily, a DTD is used to express a schema through a set of declarations that conform to particular mark-up syntax where class, or type, of document, is described. Furthermore, constructs that are not always required to establish document structure, but that may affect the interpretation of some documents can be declared by a DTD.


My Desk at Work

Furthermore, a subset of DTD which imposes various restrictions on the structure of the document describes XML documents. This is required per the XML standard since XML is in itself an application of SGML optimized for automated parsing. It is important for documents to adhere to the general rules of XML since the general syntax of XML schema languages is rigid. This will ensure the readability and understanding the arrangement of all XML-aware software. Lastly, a valid XML document complies with a particular schema/DTD, in addition to being well-formed.

XML Encoding – Basic Concepts

The begin/end elements nest the information encoded by the Extensible Mark-up Language (XML), and these elements serve as the basis where the name or value pair is attributed. Meanwhile, the Meta Data Services supports exporting and importing of meta data through the Meta Data Coalition (MDC) Open Information Model (OIM) XML Encoding format, thus certain rules for generating XML elements that map to information model elements are defined by XML Encoding format. This format is published by the MDC and implemented in Meta Data Services to support the exchange of Meta data. In addition, a dual interface supports the export as well as the import using XML.

office desk

Home Office – My Desk

In accordance with the rule on XML encoding format, XML offers several basic concepts in encoding information. The Character Set and Data Types describes the character set and data types for encoding used in an XML rule. Further, Top-Level Element describes the element that encapsulates all transfer information in an XML document while the Elements and Attributes describes the begin/end tag pairs and the content encapsulated between them. Topics, such as Namespaces and Nested Lists, show the basic structure of the Open Information Model (OIM) namespace hierarchy to ensure unique elements in an XML document. Those also show the ordered or unordered sets of elements that can be used to represent hierarchies of elements respectively. Meanwhile, connections between elements to represent network structures of elements are described by Element References while extended vendor-specific Meta data types are described by Extensibility.

Addressing and Querying

PCMag.com offers an apt definition of XML: ‘an open standard for describing data from the W3C’, or the World Wide Web Consortium. One concept of XML that is really favourable to humans is the XML Addressing and Querying.

online magazine

Hurrah! ‘Quality Magazines’ have a website I can change my address on. Isn’t modern technology wonderful?

To query XML proves to be highly advantageous. Queries on XML documents make the relational data generalized in an organized and straightforward way.

Through querying of XML documents, XML is able to generalize relational databases, and thus, these databases are in turn being made to support XML. Querying is done in XML through XQuery, a very powerful tool. Through XQuery, any XML document can be faithfully represented.

XML is made more useful through querying, as it provides solutions to some basic database problems, such as data extraction, conversation, transformation, integration, and others. Additionally, querying in XML is much favoured because of its simplicity and ability to support both possible views, ordered and unordered, on an XML document.